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Catalytic significance of the specificity of divalent cations as Ks* and k(cat)* cofactors for secreted phospholipase A(2)

Yu, Bao-Zhu and Rogers, Joseph and Nicol, Gordon R and Theopold, Klaus H and Seshadri, K and Vishweshwara, S and Jain, Mahendra Kumar (1998) Catalytic significance of the specificity of divalent cations as Ks* and k(cat)* cofactors for secreted phospholipase A(2). In: Biochemistry, 37 (36). pp. 12576-12587.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/bi9728607

Abstract

Calcium is required for the substrate binding and for the chemical step of the interfacial catalytic turnover cycle of pancreatic phospholipase A(2) (PLA2), but not for the binding of the enzyme to the interface. The role of calcium and other divalent cations (C) is analyzed for the effect on the substrate binding and k(cat)* for the chemical step. The cofactor role of 3d-cations(II) (C) for the hydrolysis of dimyristoylphosphatidylmethanol (DMPM) vesicles is characterized as an equilibrium dissociation constant for the interfacial binary (E*C) and ternary (E*CL) complexes of PLA2 and substrate mimics (L). Of the cations(II) that promote the binding of a mimic to the enzyme at the interface (E*), only a subgroup supports the chemical step. For example, Cd, Zn, and Cu form ternary E*CL complexes with k(cat)* of <1 s(-1), compared to the rate of >100 s(-1) with Ca, Fe, Mn, Co, and Ni. Oxygen exchange from (H2O)-O-18 to the products of hydrolysis of DMPM incorporates one O-18 in myristate. Incorporation of the first and second O-18 occurs during the incubation of both the products of hydrolysis in (H2O)-O-18 with PLA2 and Ca, but not with Zn. The cation-dependent changes in the UV difference spectrum, associated with the formation of E*C and E*CL, suggest that the changes are mainly due to catalytic His-48, and possibly Tyr-52 and Tyr-73, and are different with Ca as opposed to Zn. These results and simulations suggest considerable plasticity in the calcium binding and catalytic site environment. It is proposed that the higher ground state stability of the E*CS complex with the inhibitory cations increases the effective activation energy. For the chemical step, calcium coordinated with a nucleophilic water and the ester carbonyl oxygen facilitates the near-attack geometry in the E*CaS, and the His-48.Asp-99 pair acts as a proton acceptor. As a prelude to establishing the catalytic mechanism, factors controlling the energetically demanding transition state are also discussed.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2009 05:53
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2012 08:05
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/18203

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