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Catalytic partial-oxidation of methane on a ceria-supported platinum catalyst for application in fuel cell electric vehicles

Pino, L and Recupero, V and Beninati, S and Shukla, AK and Hegde, MS and Bera, P (2002) Catalytic partial-oxidation of methane on a ceria-supported platinum catalyst for application in fuel cell electric vehicles. In: Applied Catalysis, 225 (1-2). pp. 63-75.

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Abstract

Fuel cell developers are investigating the generation of hydrogen from light hydrocarbons, such as methane or natural gas, for fuelling polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs). This study demonstrates generation of H-2 and CO by catalytic partial-oxidation of CH4 in air at atmospheric pressure on a ceria-supported platinum catalyst prepared by a novel solution-combustion method where platinum is present in ionically-substituted form. These catalysts at different platinum loadings showed methane conversion and hydrogen selectivity of 90 and 97%, respectively. Interestingly, there is little carbon deposition in the catalytic reactor even after prolonged reaction time. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science
Keywords: Catalytic Partial-Oxidation Of Methane;Fuel Cells;Ceria-Supported Platinum Catalyst;Carbon Deposition
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 01 Apr 2009 10:45
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:00
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/18223

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