Kumar, N Vinay and Varshney, U (1997) Contrasting effects of single stranded DNA binding protein on the activity of uracil DNA glycosylase from Escherichia coli towards different DNA substrates. In: Nucleic Acids Research, 25 (12). pp. 2336-2343.
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Excision of uracil from tetraloop hairpins and single stranded ('unstructured') oligodeoxyribonucleotides by Escherichia coli uracil DNA glycosylase has been investigated. We show that, compared with a single stranded reference substrate, uracil from the first, second, third and the fourth positions of the loops is excised with highly variable efficiencies of 3.21, 0.37, 5.9 and 66.8%, respectively. More importantly, inclusion of E.coli single stranded DNA binding protein (SSB) in the reactions resulted in similar to 7-140-fold increase in the efficiency of uracil excision from the first, second or the third position in the loop but showed no significant effect on its excision from the fourth position. In contrast, the presence of SSB decreased uracil excision from the single stranded ('unstructured') substrates similar to 2-3-fold. The kinetic studies show that the increased efficiency of uracil release from the first, second and the third positions of the tetraloops is due to a combination of both the improved substrate binding and a large increase in the catalytic rates. On the other hand, the decreased efficiency of uracil release from the single stranded substrates ('unstructured') is mostly due to the lowering of the catalytic rates. Chemical probing with KMnO4 showed that the presence of SSB resulted in the reduction of cleavage of the nucleotides in the vicinity of dUMP residue in single stranded substrates but their increased susceptibility in the hairpin substrates. We discuss these results to propose that excision of uracil from DNA-SSB complexes by uracil DNA glycosylase involves base flipping. The use of SSB in the various applications of uracil DNA glycosylase is also discussed.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||Copyright of this article belongs to Oxford University Press.|
|Department/Centre:||Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Reproduction, Development & Genetics (formed by the merger of DBGL and CRBME)|
|Date Deposited:||12 Mar 2009 05:02|
|Last Modified:||19 Sep 2010 05:25|
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