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NMR Analysis of a Conformational Transition in an Acyclic Peptide. Model System for Studying Helix Unfolding

Raghothama, S and Chaddha, M and Balaram, P (1996) NMR Analysis of a Conformational Transition in an Acyclic Peptide. Model System for Studying Helix Unfolding. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry, 100 (50). pp. 19666-19671.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jp9611939

Abstract

The stabilization of helical structures in short apolar peptides is readily achieved by introduction of alpha,alpha-dialkylamino acids. The use of stereochemically constrained residues in conjunction with conformationally flexible segments permits the design of peptides that are poised to undergo structural transitions. The octapeptide Boc-Leu-Ac(8)c-Val-Gly-Gly-Leu-Ac(8)c-Val-OMe (Ac(8)c = 1-aminocyclooctane-1-carboxylic acid) incorporates residues with contradictory conformational tendencies. NMR analysis in CDCl3, using nuclear Overhauser effects and delineation of hydrogen-bonded NH groups establishes a 3(10)-helical conformation. In a polar strongly solvating medium, like DMSO, the helix unfolds. Studies in CDCl3/DMSO mixtures provide clear evidence for a solvent dependent conformational transition. Amide NH chemical shifts and temperature coefficients at varying solvent composition allow a detailed structural analysis of the unfolding process. The intrinsic fragility of the octapeptide helix provides an opportunity to examine invasion of the helix backbone by water molecules. Studies in DMSO solution containing low concentrations of water establish that preferential water peptide interactions may indeed be present.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Division of Chemical Sciences > Sophisticated Instruments Facility
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2010 10:49
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:25
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/18865

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