Jacob, KT and Jayadevan, KP (1998) Phase relations, chemical potentials and thermodynamic properties of interoxide compounds in the system Ba-Pb-O. In: Materials Science and Engineering B, 52 (2-3). pp. 134-144.
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Phase relations in the system Ba-Pb-O have been established by equilibrating 18 samples in the ternary in either pure oxygen, inert gas or evacuated capsules at 1100 K. Phase identification of quenched samples was performed using optical and electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and energy dispersive analysis of X-rays. Three interoxide compounds, Ba2PbO4, Ba4Pb4O10 and BaPbO3 were found to be stable: tie-lines connect each of these compounds with PbO and oxygen gas. Lead is present in tetravalent state in all the three interoxide compounds: All alloys and intermetallics (Ba2Pb2Ba5Pb3 and BaPb) are in equilibrium with BaO. The oxygen chemical potential corresponding to the three-phase fields, BaO + PbO + Ba2PbO4, PbO + Ba2PbO4 + Ba4Pb3O10 and PbO + Ba4Pb3O10 + BaPbO3 were measured using solid state cells incorporating (Y2O3)ZrO2 as the solid electrolyte in the temperature range 750-1080 K. A special cell design, with a buffer electrode in addition to the normal reference and measuring electrodes, was used to avoid polarization of the three-phase electrode. The standard Gibbs free energies of formation of the three ternary oxides were derived from the emf of three solid oxide galvanic cells. The results were cross-checked by measuring the chemical potential of BaO in the three-phase field PbO + BaPbO3 + O-2 (26.2 Pa) and Gibbs energy of formation of BaPbO3 using a cell based on BaF2 as the electrolyte. The following equations summarize the results: 2BaO + PbO + 1/20(2) --> Ba2PbO4; Delta G(degrees) = -202640 + 91.67 T (+/- 400) J mol(-1); 4BaO + 3PbO + 3/20(2) --> Ba4Pb3O10; Delta G(degrees) = -556835 + 283.12 T (+/- 900) J mol(-1); BaO + PbO + 1/20(2) --> BaPbO3; Delta G(degrees) = -165970 + 87.45 T (+/- 200) J mol(-1). The results obtained in this study differ significantly from data reported in the literature. The earlier investigators incorrectly assumed that BaO exists at unit activity under pure oxygen in the temperature range 700-875 K.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.|
|Keywords:||Gibbs free energy of formation;Enthalpy;Entropy;Ternary oxides;Ba2PbO4;Ba4Pb3O10;BaPbO3;Phase diagram;Solid state cells;Solid electrolytes.|
|Department/Centre:||Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
|Date Deposited:||29 Dec 2009 08:08|
|Last Modified:||19 Sep 2010 05:26|
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