Lalitkumar, PG and Sengupta, J and Karande, AA and Ghosh, D (1998) Placental protein 14 in endometrium during menstrual cycle and effect of early luteal phase mifepristone administration on its expression in implantation stage endometrium in the rhesus monkey. In: Human Reproduction, 13 (12). pp. 3478-3486.
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Placental protein 14 (PP14) is a glycoprotein which is secreted by secretory phase endometrium and decidua in women, Despite the suggestion that PP14 is involved in the process of endometrial maturation for blastocyst implantation, our understanding in this regard is poor In the present study the concentrations and distribution patterns of immunodetectable PP14 in the endometrium during proliferative and secretory phases of normal ovulatory menstrual cycles, as well as in implantation stage endometrium in naturally mated ovulatory cycles,vith or without early luteal phase mifepristone treatment, mere investigated using the rhesus monkey as a primate model. Immunopositive PP14 was observed mainly in epithelial cells of glands and it was detected in one major immunopositive hand at M-r 28 kDa in tissue homogenate and spent medium. The area of immunopositive precipitation of PP14 in glands was minimal in follicular phase endometrium, and was higher (P < 0.01) in early, mid- and late luteal phase endometrium compared with that in pre- and periovulatory phases of the cycle, but there was no change in its area profile in the glandular compartment throughout the luteal phase. Immunopositivity for PP14 in luminal contents of gland displayed an increasing profile from early to late secretory phases. Thus, the concentrations and the distribution of immunodetectable PP14 in luteal phase endometrium of the rhesus monkey showed marked similarity with those of human endometrium during the natural menstrual cycle. Although there was no marked change in the hand characterstics for the protein in implantation stage endometrium following early luteal phase mifepristone treatment, it was markedly decreased (P < 0.01) in tissue homogenate and in vitro spent medium along with a lesser (P < 0.02) degree of immunoprecipitation in the glands in implantation stage samples of mifepristone treatment group compared with that in control group samples. Thus, the contragestional effect of early luteal phase mifepristone treatment appears to be associated with a decrease in the concentration of immunodetectable PP14 in implantation stage endometrial glands and its secretion in the rhesus monkey, It remains to be seen whether this decline is caused from direct antiprogesterone action on endometrial glands during progesterone dominance, or secondarily from associated retarded development of endometrium.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||Copyright of this article belongs to Oxford University Press.|
|Department/Centre:||Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry|
|Date Deposited:||11 Dec 2009 09:37|
|Last Modified:||19 Sep 2010 05:26|
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