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Preparation of potassium beta aluminas by gel-to-crystallite conversion and their characterisation

Jayaraman, V and Periaswami, G and Kutty, TRN (1998) Preparation of potassium beta aluminas by gel-to-crystallite conversion and their characterisation. In: Journal of material Chemistry, 8 (4). pp. 1087-1094.

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Abstract

A novel method for the preparation of phase-pure K-beta-alumina is reported by the gel-to-crystallite conversion method. Here, coarse gels of hydrated alumina Al2O3 . yH(2)O (80 < y < 120) were reacted with ethanolic KOH,yielding crystalline K-inserted gibbsite or K-pseudoboehmite. Thermal decomposition of these precursors above 500 K yielded intermediate K-inserted boehmite. Above 1473 K, K-beta-alumina was obtained via a modified K-beta-alumina intermediate. The stability range of K-P-alumina can be extended up to 1 : 17 (K2O :Al2O3) by this method. The extended compositional range of stability of K-beta-alumina is explained on the basis of the polysynthetic lamellae arising from the collapse of the layers adjacent to the K-O plane, as revealed by high resolution electronmicroscopy (HREM). The increased number of AlO6 octahedra, in comparison to AlO4 tetrahedra and the prevalence of distorted AlO6 with two or more types of second nearest neighbour interaction is indicated from the solid state Al-27 MAS NMR studies. To obtain K-beta(n)-alumina, Li+ or Mg2+ had to be incorporated. The mechanistic aspects of the formation of K-beta- and K-beta(n)-alumina are described in detail.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Royal Society of Chemistry.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Date Deposited: 31 Dec 2009 06:58
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:26
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/19093

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