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Molecular theory for the effects of specific solute-solvent interaction on the diffusion of a solute particle in a molecular liquid

Biswas, Ranjit and Bhattacharyya, Sarika and Bagchi, Biman (1998) Molecular theory for the effects of specific solute-solvent interaction on the diffusion of a solute particle in a molecular liquid. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 102 (17). pp. 3252-3256.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jp9732221

Abstract

An understanding of the effect of specific solute-solvent interactions on the diffusion of a solute probe is a long standing problem of physical chemistry. In this paper a microscopic treatment of this effect is presented. The theory takes into account the modification of the solvent structure around the solute due to this specific interaction between them. It is found that for strong, attractive interaction, there is an enhanced coupling between the solute and the solvent dynamic modes (in particular, the density mode), which leads to a significant increase in the friction on the solute. The diffusion coefficient of the solute is found to depend strongly and nonlinearly on the magnitude of the attractive interaction. An interesting observation is that specific solute-solvent interaction can induce a crossover from a sliplike to a sticklike diffusion. In the limit of strong attractive interaction, we recover a dynamic version of the solvent-berg picture. On the other hand, for repulsive interaction, the diffusion coefficient of the solute increases. These results are in qualitative agreement with recent experimental observations.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2009 10:52
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:28
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/19515

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