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Nanoporous Pt with High Surface Area by Reaction-Limited Aggregation of Nanoparticles

Viswanath, B and Patra, S and Munichandraiah, N and Ravishankar, N (2009) Nanoporous Pt with High Surface Area by Reaction-Limited Aggregation of Nanoparticles. In: Langmuir, 25 (5). pp. 3115-3121.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/la802938d

Abstract

Nanoporous structures with high active surface areas are critical for a variety of applications. Here, we present a general templateless strategy to produce such porous structures by controlled aggregation of nanostructured subunits and apply the principles for synthesizing nanoporous Pt for electrocatalytic oxidation of methanol. The nature of the aggregate produced is controlled by tuning the electrostatic interaction between surfactant-free nanoparticles in the solution phase. When the repulsive force between the particles is very large, the particles are stabilized in the solution while instantaneous aggregation leading to fractal-like structures results when the repulsive force is very low. Controlling the repulsive interaction to an optimum, intermediate value results in the formation of compact structures with very large surface areas. In the case of Pt, nanoporous clusters with an extremely high specific surface area (39 m(2)/g) and high activity for methanol oxidation have been produced. Preliminary investigations indicate that the method is general and can be easily extended to produce nanoporous structures of many inorganic materials.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2009 11:15
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:29
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/19560

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