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Xylan-Degrading Enzymes from the Thermophilic Fungus Humicola Zanuginosa (Griffon and Maublanc) Bunce: Action Pattern of Xylanase and beta-Glucosidase on Xylans, Xylooligomers and Arabinoxylooligomers

Lalitha, Anand and Paul J, Vithayathil (1996) Xylan-Degrading Enzymes from the Thermophilic Fungus Humicola Zanuginosa (Griffon and Maublanc) Bunce: Action Pattern of Xylanase and beta-Glucosidase on Xylans, Xylooligomers and Arabinoxylooligomers. In: Journal of Fermentation and Bioengineering, 81 (06). pp. 511-517.

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Abstract

The mode of action of xylanase and beta-glucosidase purified from the culture filtrate of Humicola lanuginosa (Griffon and Maublanc) Bunce on the xylan extracted from sugarcane bagasse and on two commercially available larchwood and oat spelt xylans, on xylooligomers and on arabinoxylooligomers was studied. While larchwood and oat spelt xylans were hydrolyzed to the same extent in 24 h, sugarcane bagasse xylan was hydrolyzed to a lesser extent in the same period. It was found that the rate of hydrolysis of xylooligomers by xylanase increased with increase in chain length, while beta-glucosidase acted rather slowly on all the oligomers tested. Xylanase exhibited predominant ''endo'' action on xylooligomers attacking the xylan chain at random while beta-glucosidase had ''exo'' action, releasing one xylose residue at a time. On arabinoxylooligomers, however, xylanase exhibited ''exo'' action. Thus, it appears that the presence of the arabinose substituent has, in some way, rendered the terminal xylose-xylose linkage more susceptible to xylanase action. It was also observed that even after extensive hydrolysis with both the enzymes, substantial amounts of the parent arabinoxylooligomer remained unhydrolyzed together with the accumulation of arabinoxylobiose. It can therefore be concluded that the presence of the arabinose substituent in the xylan chain results in linkages that offer resistance to both xylanase and beta-glucosidase action.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science B.V.
Keywords: thermophilic fungus;Humicolu lanuginosa;xylanase;p-glucosidase;xylan hydrolysis
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2009 11:36
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2011 05:04
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/19773

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