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Pt metal-CeO2 interaction: Direct observation of redox coupling between Pt-0/Pt2+/Pt4+ and Ce4+/Ce3+ states in Ce0.98Pt0.02O2-delta catalyst by a combined electrochemical and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy study

Sharma, Sudhanshu and Hegde, MS (2009) Pt metal-CeO2 interaction: Direct observation of redox coupling between Pt-0/Pt2+/Pt4+ and Ce4+/Ce3+ states in Ce0.98Pt0.02O2-delta catalyst by a combined electrochemical and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy study. In: Journal of Chemical Physics, 130 (11).

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Abstract

Pt ions-CeO2 interaction in Ce1-xPtxO2-delta (x=0.02) has been studied for the first time by electrochemical method combined with x-ray diffraction and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Working electrodes made of CeO2 and Ce0.98Pt0.02O2-delta mixed with 30% carbon are treated electrochemically between 0.0-1.2 V in potentiostatic (chronoamperometry) and potentiodynamic (cyclic voltametry) mode with reference to saturated calomel electrode. Reversible oxidation of Pt-0 to Pt2+ and Pt4+ state due to the applied positive potential is coupled to simultaneous reversible reduction of Ce4+ to Ce3+ state. CeO2 reduces to CeO2-y (y=0.35) after applying 1.2 V, which is not reversible; Ce0.98Pt0.02O2-delta reaches a steady state with Pt2+:Pt4+ in the ratio of 0.60:0.40 and Ce4+:Ce3+ in the ratio of 0.55:0.45 giving a composition Ce0.98Pt0.02O1.74 at 1.2 V, which is reversible. Composition of Pt ion substituted compound is reversible between Ce0.98Pt0.02O1.95 to Ce0.98Pt0.02O1.74 within the potential range of 0.0-1.2 V. Thus, Ce0.98Pt0.02O2-delta forms a stable electrode for oxidation of H2O to O-2 unlike CeO2. A linear relation between oxidation of Pt2+ to Pt4+ with simultaneous reduction in Ce4+ to Ce3+ is observed demonstrating Pt-CeO2 metal support interaction is due to reversible Pt-0/Pt2+/Pt4+ interaction with Ce4+/Ce3+ redox couple.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Institute of Physics.
Keywords: catalysts; cerium compounds; electrochemical electrodes; electrochemistry; ESCA; oxidation; platinum; reduction (chemical); voltammetry (chemical analysis); X-ray diffraction; X-ray photoelectron spectra
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2009 11:52
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:30
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/19800

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