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Investigation of the Internal Heterostructure of Highly Luminescent Quantum Dot-Quantum Well Nanocrystals

Santra, Pralay K and Viswanatha, Ranjani and Daniels, Steve M and Pickett, Nigel L and Smith, Jason M and O'Brien, Paul and Sarma, DD (2009) Investigation of the Internal Heterostructure of Highly Luminescent Quantum Dot-Quantum Well Nanocrystals. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, 131 (2). pp. 470-477.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ja8033075

Abstract

In this paper, we report on the growth and characterization of quantum dot−quantum well nanostructures with photoluminescence (PL) that is tunable over the visible range. The material exhibits a PL efficiency as high as 60% and is prepared by reacting ZnS nanocrystals in turn with precursors for CdSe and ZnS in an attempt to form a simple “ZnS/CdSe/ZnS quantum-well structure”. Through the use of synchrotron radiation-based photoelectron spectroscopy in conjunction with detailed overall compositional analysis and correlation with the size of the final composite nanostructure, the internal structure of the composite nanocrystals is shown to consist of a graded alloy core whose composition gradually changes from ZnS at the very center to CdSe at the onset of a CdSe layer. The outer shell is ZnS with a sharp interface, probably reflecting the relative thermodynamic stabilities of the parent binary phases. These contrasting aspects of the internal structure are discussed in terms of the various reactivities and are shown to be crucial for understanding the optical properties of such complex heterostructured nanomaterials.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2009 18:38
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:30
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/19829

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