Kumar, Jyant and Raju, KVSB (2009) Miniature cone tip resistance of sand with fly ash using triaxial setup. In: Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 46 (2). pp. 231-240.
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In a continuation of the authors' recent work, the ultimate tip resistance of a miniature cone using triaxial equipment was determined for samples of dry sand mixed with dry fly ash. The effect of (i) the proportion of fly ash, (ii) the relative density of samples, and (iii) the vertical overburden pressure was examined. It was noted that an addition of fly ash in sand for the same range of relative density leads to a significant reduction in the ultimate tip resistance of the cone (q(cu)). This occurs due to a decrease in the friction angle (phi) of the sample with an increase in the fly ash content for a given relative density. For phi greater than about 30 degrees, two widely used correlation curves from published literature, providing the relationships between q(cu) and phi for cohesionless soils, were found to provide satisfactory predictions, even for sand - fly ash mixtures. As was expected, the values of qcu increase continuously with an increase in the relative density of the soil mass and the vertical effective ( overburden) stress on the sample.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||Copyright of this article belongs to NRC Research Press.|
|Keywords:||cone penetrometer test;laboratory investigations;sand;shear strength;fly ash.|
|Department/Centre:||Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering|
|Date Deposited:||14 Dec 2009 07:49|
|Last Modified:||30 Jun 2011 07:23|
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