Kutty, TRN and Vivekanadan, R (1987) BaSnO3 fine powders from hydrothermal preparations. In: Materials Research Bulletin, 22 (11). pp. 1457-1465.
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Attempts to prepare BaSnO3 by the hydrothermal method starting from SnO2·xH2O gel and Ba (OH)2 solution in teflonlined autoclaves at 150–260°C invariably lead to the formation of a hydrated phase, BaSn(OH)6·3H2O. On heating in air or on releasing the pressure Image at ≈260°C, BaSN (OH)6·3H2O converts to BaSnO3 fine powder which involves the formation of an intermediate oxyhydroxide, BaSnO(OH)4. TEM studies show that particle size of the resulting BaSnO3 ranges from 0.2–0.6 μm. Solid solutions of Ba(Ti, Sn) O3 were prepared from (TiO2+SnO2)·xH2O mixed gel and Ba(OH)2 solutions. Single-phase perovskite Ba(Ti, Sn)O3 was obtained up to 35 atom % Sn. Above this composition, the hydrothermal products are mixtures of BaTiO3 (cubic) and BaSn(OH)6·3H2O which on heating at ≈260°C give rise to BaTiO3+BaSnO3. Annealing at 1000°C results in monophasic Ba(Ti, Sn)O3, in the complete range of Sn/Ti. Formation of the hydrated phase is attributed to the amphoteric nature of SnO2·xH2O gel which stabilises Sn(OH)62− anions under higher H2O-pressures and elevated temperatures. The sintering characteristics and dielectric properties of ceramics prepared from these fine powders are presented.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||Copy right of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.|
|Department/Centre:||Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre|
|Date Deposited:||28 May 2009 06:55|
|Last Modified:||08 Aug 2011 10:41|
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