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A laser flash photolysis study of pivalothiophenone triplets: steric and electronic effects in thione photoreaction kinetics

Bhattacharyya, K and Ramamurthy, V and Das, PK (1987) A laser flash photolysis study of pivalothiophenone triplets: steric and electronic effects in thione photoreaction kinetics. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry, 91 (22). pp. 5626-5631.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/j100306a026

Abstract

Upon laser pulse excitation (Aex = 532 nm) into the lowest-lying '(n,a*) band system, pivalothiophenones in benzene solutions give rise to short-lived triplets (Ama: = 325-335 nm, em: = (1 1-15) X lo3 M-' cm-I) with quantitative intersystem crossing efficiencies. The triplet yields decrease slightly (by 10-30%) upon changing A, to 308 nm (Le., upon excitation into S2). Kinetic data are presented for intrinsic triplet lifetimes, self-quenching, and quenching by oxygen, di-tert-butylnitroxy radical, and various reagents capable of interacting with the triplets via energy, electron, or hydrogen-atom transfer and by biradical formation (possibly leading to cycloaddition). The mechanisms of the quenching processes are discussed. Relative to rigid aromatic thiones, namely, xanthione and thiocoumarin, the interaction of pivalothiophenone triplets with most of the quenchers are kinetically inefficient. This is interpreted primarily as a manifestation of the steric crowding at positions a to the thiocarbonyl group.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right of this article belongs to American Chemical Society
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Organic Chemistry
Date Deposited: 31 Aug 2009 06:07
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:33
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/20456

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