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Calciothermic reduction of TiO2: A diagrammatic assessment of the thermodynamic limit of deoxidation

Jacob, KT and Gupta, Sapna (2009) Calciothermic reduction of TiO2: A diagrammatic assessment of the thermodynamic limit of deoxidation. In: Journal of the Minerals Metals & Materials Society, 61 (5). pp. 56-59.

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Abstract

Calciothermic reduction of TiO2 provides a potentially low-cost route to titanium production. Presented in this article is a suitably designed diagram, useful for assessing the degree of reduction of TiO2 and residual oxygen contamination in metal as a function of reduction temperature and other process parameters. The oxygen chemical potential diagram à la Ellingham-Richardson-Jeffes is useful for visualization of the thermodynamics of reduction reactions at high temperatures. Although traditionally the diagram depicts oxygen potentials corresponding to the oxidation of different metals to their corresponding oxides or of lower oxides to higher oxides, oxygen potentials associated with solution phases at constant composition can be readily superimposed. The usefulness of the diagram for an insightful analysis of calciothermic reduction, either direct or through an electrochemical process, is discussed. Identified are possible process variations, modeling and optimization strategies.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2009 09:10
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:33
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/20559

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