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Strong-coupling expansion for the momentum distribution of the Bose-Hubbard model with benchmarking against exact numerical results

Freericks, JK and Krishnamurthy, HR and Kato, Yasuyuki and Kawashima, Naoki and Trivedi, Nandini (2009) Strong-coupling expansion for the momentum distribution of the Bose-Hubbard model with benchmarking against exact numerical results. In: Physical Review A, 79 (5).

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A strong-coupling expansion for the Green's functions, self-energies, and correlation functions of the Bose-Hubbard model is developed. We illustrate the general formalism, which includes all possible (normal-phase) inhomogeneous effects in the formalism, such as disorder or a trap potential, as well as effects of thermal excitations. The expansion is then employed to calculate the momentum distribution of the bosons in the Mott phase for an infinite homogeneous periodic system at zero temperature through third order in the hopping. By using scaling theory for the critical behavior at zero momentum and at the critical value of the hopping for the Mott insulator–to–superfluid transition along with a generalization of the random-phase-approximation-like form for the momentum distribution, we are able to extrapolate the series to infinite order and produce very accurate quantitative results for the momentum distribution in a simple functional form for one, two, and three dimensions. The accuracy is better in higher dimensions and is on the order of a few percent relative error everywhere except close to the critical value of the hopping divided by the on-site repulsion. In addition, we find simple phenomenological expressions for the Mott-phase lobes in two and three dimensions which are much more accurate than the truncated strong-coupling expansions and any other analytic approximation we are aware of. The strong-coupling expansions and scaling-theory results are benchmarked against numerically exact quantum Monte Carlo simulations in two and three dimensions and against density-matrix renormalization-group calculations in one dimension. These analytic expressions will be useful for quick comparison of experimental results to theory and in many cases can bypass the need for expensive numerical simulations.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: copy right of this article belongs to American Physical Society.
Keywords: boson systems;critical exponents;Green's function methods; Hubbard model;metal-insulator transition;Monte Carlo methods;perturbation theory; renormalisation; RPA calculations
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2009 08:44
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:35
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/21108

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