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High-Rate, Multisymbol-Decodable STBCs From Clifford Algebras

Karmakar, Sanjay and Rajan, B Sundar (2009) High-Rate, Multisymbol-Decodable STBCs From Clifford Algebras. In: IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, 55 (6). pp. 2682-2695.

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Abstract

It is well known that space-time block codes (STBCs) obtained from orthogonal designs (ODs) are single-symbol decodable (SSD) and from quasi-orthogonal designs (QODs) are double-symbol decodable (DSD). However, there are SSD codes that are not obtainable from ODs and DSD codes that are not obtainable from QODs. In this paper, a method of constructing g-symbol decodable (g-SD) STBCs using representations of Clifford algebras are presented which when specialized to g = 1, 2 gives SSD and DSD codes, respectively. For the number of transmit antennas 2(a) the rate (in complex symbols per channel use) of the g-SD codes presented in this paper is a+1-g/2(a-9). The maximum rate of the DSD STBCs from QODs reported in the literature is a/2(a-1) which is smaller than the rate a-1/2(a-2) of the DSD codes of this paper, for 2(a) transmit antennas. In particular, the reported DSD codes for 8 and 16 transmit antennas offer rates 1 and 3/4, respectively, whereas the known STBCs from QODs offer only 3/4 and 1/2, respectively. The construction of this paper is applicable for any number of transmit antennas. The diversity sum and diversity product of the new DSD codes are studied. It is shown that the diversity sum is larger than that of all known QODs and hence the new codes perform better than the comparable QODs at low signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) for identical spectral efficiency. Simulation results for DSD codes at variousspectral efficiencies are provided.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright 2009 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.
Keywords: Clifford algebra;decoding complexity;diversity;space-time block codes (STBCs).
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electrical Communication Engineering
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2009 06:21
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:36
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/21125

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