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Hydrothermal phase equilibria in Ln2O3-H2O-CO2 systems : I. The lighter lanthanides

Tareen, JAK and Kutty, TRN (1980) Hydrothermal phase equilibria in Ln2O3-H2O-CO2 systems : I. The lighter lanthanides. In: Journal of Crystal Growth, 50 (2). pp. 527-532.

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Abstract

Phase diagrams for Nd2O3-H2O-CO2 and Gd2O3-H2O-CO2 systems at 1500 atm are given along with the results of selected runs in La, Sm and Eu systems. The stable phases in systems of La and Nd, are Ln(OH)CO3-B, Ln2O2CO3-II and LnOOH, in addition to the Ln(OH)3 phase at extremely low partial pressures of CO2 in the system. The systems become more and more complex with decreasing ionic radi and the number of stable carbonate phases increases. Ln2(CO3)3 · 3H2O orthorhombic (tengerate-like phase) is stable from Sm to Gd in addition to the other phases. The Gd(OH)CO3-A (ancylite-like phase) is hydrothermally stable at XCO2 greater-or-equal, slanted 0.5 while its hexagonal polymorph, Gd(OH)CO3-B is stable at low partial pressures of CO2 in the system.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Centre for Ecological Sciences
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2009 10:18
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:36
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/21238

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