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Studies on vacuum pyrolysis of ammonium perchlorate and ammonium perchlorate/polystyrene propellant in the presence of transition metal oxides

Kishorea, K and Verneker, VR Pai and Pitchalah, K (1980) Studies on vacuum pyrolysis of ammonium perchlorate and ammonium perchlorate/polystyrene propellant in the presence of transition metal oxides. In: Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 2 (1). pp. 45-52.

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Abstract

Vacuum pyrolysis of ammonium perchlorate (AP) and ammonium perchlorate/polystyrene (PS) propellant has been studied by differential thermal analysis (DTA) in order to observe the effect of transition metal oxides on sublimation. Sublimation and decomposition being competitive processes, their proportions depend on the pressure of the pyrolysis chamber. The enthalpies for complete decomposition and complete sublimation are available from the literature and by using these data together with DTA area measurements, the extents of sublimation and decomposition have been calculated for AP and the propellant system. The effect of the metal ions on the extent and rate of sublimation depends on their nature. For AP the extent of sublimation increases with a decrease in particle size. For the propellants the powder sublimes more readily than the bulk material, but in the presence of metal ions the bulk material sublimes more readily than the powder. To substantiate this finding, the effect of MnO2 on AP sublimation as a function of particle size was examined, and it was observed that the extent of sublimation decreases as the particle size decreases.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2010 11:52
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:36
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/21266

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