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Liquefaction Hazard Mapping of Bangalore, South India

Anbazhagan, P (2009) Liquefaction Hazard Mapping of Bangalore, South India. In: Disaster Advances, 2 (2). pp. 26-35.

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Abstract

his paper presents identification and mapping of vulnerable and safe zones for liquefaction hazard. About 850 bore logs data collected from geotechnical investigation reports have been used to estimate the liquefaction factor of safety for Bangalore Mahanagara palike (BMP) area of about 220 km(2). Liquefaction factor of safety is arrived based on surface level peak ground acceleration presented by Anbazhagan and Sitharam(5) and liquefaction resistance, using corrected standard penetration test (SPT) N values. The estimated factor of safety against liquefaction is used to estimate liquefaction potential index and liquefaction severity index. These values are mapped using Geographical information system (GIS) to identify the vulnerable and safe zones in Bangalore. This study shows that more than 95% of the BMP area is safe against liquefaction potential. However the western part of the BMP is not safe against liquefaction, as it may be subjected to liquefaction with probability of 35 to 65%. Three approaches used in this study show that 1) mapping least factor of safety irrespective of depth may be used to find liquefiable area for worst case. 2) mapping liquefaction potential index can be used to assess the liquefaction severity of the area by considering layer thickness and factor of safety and 3) mapping of liquefaction severity index can be used to access the probability of liquefaction of area.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Disaster Advances.
Keywords: Earthquakes; liquefaction; Liquefaction potential and SPT.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2009 03:51
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2009 03:51
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/21343

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