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Bearing capacity of square footings on geosynthetic reinforced sand

Latha, Madhavi G and Somwanshi, Amit (2009) Bearing capacity of square footings on geosynthetic reinforced sand. In: Geotextiles And Geomembranes, 27 (4). pp. 281-294.

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Abstract

The results from laboratory model tests and numerical simulations on square footings resting on sand are presented. Bearing capacity of footings on geosynthetic reinforced sand is evaluated and the effect of various reinforcement parameters like the type and tensile strength of geosynthetic material, amount of reinforcement, layout and configuration of geosynthetic layers below the footing on the bearing capacity improvement of the footings is studied through systemati model studies. A steel tank of size 900 x 900 x 600 mm is used for conducting model tests. Four types of grids, namely strong biaxial geogrid, weak biaxial geogrid, uniaxial geogrid and a geonet, each with different tensile strength, are used in the tests. Geosynthetic reinforcement is provided in the form of planar layers, varying the depth of reinforced zone below the footing, number of geosynthetic layers within the reinforced zone and the width of geosynthetic layers in different tests. Influence of all these parameters on the bearing capacity improvement of square footing and its settlement is studied by comparing with the test on unreinforced sand. Results show that the effective depth of reinforcement is twice the width of the footing and optimum spacing of geosynthetic layers is half the width of the footing. It is observed that the layout and configuration of reinforcement play a vital role in bearing capacity improvement rather than the tensile strength of the geosynthetic material. Experimental observations are supported by the findings from numerical analyses.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elservier Science.
Keywords: Square footing;Model tests;Geosynthetic;Reinforced sand; Bearing capacity;Numerical modeling
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2009 06:50
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:37
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/21477

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