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Swarm intelligence-based solver for parameter estimation of laboratory through-diffusion transport of contaminants

Bharat, Tadikonda Venkata and Sivapullaiah, Puvvadi V and Allam, Mehter M (2009) Swarm intelligence-based solver for parameter estimation of laboratory through-diffusion transport of contaminants. In: Computers and Geotechnics, 36 (6). pp. 984-992.

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Abstract

Theoretical approaches are of fundamental importance to predict the potential impact of waste disposal facilities on ground water contamination. Appropriate design parameters are generally estimated be fitting theoretical models to data gathered from field monitoring or laboratory experiments. Transient through-diffusion tests are generally conducted in the laboratory to estimate the mass transport parameters of the proposed barrier material. Thes parameters are usually estimated either by approximate eye-fitting calibration or by combining the solution of the direct problem with any available gradient-based techniques. In this work, an automated, gradient-free solver is developed to estimate the mass transport parameters of a transient through-diffusion model. The proposed inverse model uses a particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm that is based on the social behavior of animals searching for food sources. The finite difference numerical solution of the forward model is integrated with the PSO algorithm to solve the inverse problem of parameter estimation. The working principle of the new solver is demonstrated and mass transport parameters are estimated from laboratory through-diffusion experimental data. An inverse model based on the standard gradient-based technique is formulated to compare with the proposed solver. A detailed comparative study is carried out between conventional methods and the proposed solver. The present automated technique is found to be very efficient and robust. The mass transport parameters are obtained with great precision.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Contaminant transport;Transient through-diffusion;Soil; Inverse model; Particle swarm optimization
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 31 Dec 2009 09:24
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:37
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/21481

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