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Influence of the electric field on the low-temperature thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate/polystyrene propellant

Kishore, K and Verneker, VR Pai and Sunitha, MR (1982) Influence of the electric field on the low-temperature thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate/polystyrene propellant. In: Combustion and Flame, 42 (1). pp. 1-6.

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Abstract

An electric field (100 V/cm at 230°C and 150°C) has been applied to ammonium perchlorate (AP)/polystyrene (PS) propellant mixtures in order to understand the low temperature decomposition behavior of the propellant. The charge-carrying species is anionic in nature at 230°C, which could be ClO4−, but is cationic at 150°C, which could be either NH4+ or H+. These results are parallel to that observed for pure ammonium perchlorate (AP) pellets [1]. The burning rate (r' ) of the propellant was found to follow the same trend as that for the thermal decomposition of the propellant on application of an electric field. At 150°C Image was higher at the −ve electrode than at the +ve electrode, but at 230°C just the opposite was observed. Kinetic studies have confirmed that the decomposition of the orthorhombic AP follows two mechanism corresponding to E = 30 kcal mol−1 (180–230°C) and E = 15 kcal mol−1 (150–180°C).

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2009 11:42
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:39
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/21796

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