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Sacrificial photolysis of water on TiO2 fine powders prepared by the hydrothermal method

Kutty, TRN and Avudaithai, M (1988) Sacrificial photolysis of water on TiO2 fine powders prepared by the hydrothermal method. In: Materials Research Bulletin, 23 (5). pp. 725-734.

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Abstract

The often discussed role of surface hydroxylation of TiO2 particles as an essential characterestics for their photocatalytic activity can be verified by preparing TiO2 powders by hydrothermal method since hydroxylated surface layers will be better retained on these particles formed in superheated water. Thus, fine powders of TiO2 (rutile) with high degree of crystallinity are formed from titanium oxychloride in the mixed solvent of water and 2-propanol at 160–230°C and 20–120 atm. The anatase phase is produced from the same medium when sulfate ion impurity is present, with Image . TiO2 powders are washed free of anions and 2-propanol by ultrafiltration and are Pt mounted by a photochemical method. Aqueous suspensions of both forms of TiO2 neither as such nor after Pt-loading, do not produce H2 on band gap illumination whereas, H2 is generated in presence of hole scavengers such as EDTA, TEOA, sulfite or hypophosphite. The effects of hole scavenger concentration, Pt : TiO2 ratio, particulate suspension density and the nature of hole scavengers on H2 production are presented. Platinised rutile powders are equally active as anatase in sacrificial systems.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyrights of this article belongs to Elsevier Science Ltd.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2010 11:56
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:39
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/21998

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