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Genetic variation in the TSC1 and TSC2 genes in 24 TSC families from India

Ali, Mahmood and Markandaya, M and Girimaji, SC and Shukla, AK and Sachhidanand, S and Kumar, A (2004) Genetic variation in the TSC1 and TSC2 genes in 24 TSC families from India. In: 54th Annual meeting of the American Society of Human Genetics, October 28-30, Toronto, Canada, 2424/T-438.

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Abstract

Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal dominant disorder with loci on chromosome 9q34.3 (TSC1) and chromosome 16p13.3 (TSC2). Genes for both loci have been isolated and characterized. Clinical symptoms of TSC include cortical tubers, subependymal nodules, mental retardation, seizures, autism, shagreen patches and angiofibromas on the skin, cardiac rhabdomyomas, retinal hamartomas, and angiomyolipomas in the kidneys. Several mutations have been reported in both TSC genes in patients mainly from the western and Japanese populations. However, there is no report on the mutation analysis of TSC genes in patients from the Indian population. We report here the mutational analysis of the TSC1 and TSC2 genes in 24 TSC families from India. Using PCR-SSCP and DNA sequence analyses, we have screened all 21 coding exons of the TSC1 gene and all 41 coding exons of the TSC2 gene in seven familial and 17 sporadic TSC cases. We have also sequenced promoters of both the TSC genes in 24 probands. We have identified a total of 12 mutations. Of these, seven mutations are novel. We have identified a single previously known deletion in the TSC1 gene. Of 11 mutations identified in the TSC2 gene, 3 are deletions, 2 are insertions, 3 are missense, 2 are splice site and 1 is a nonsense mutation. In addition, we have also detected three and eight variants/polymorphisms in the TSC1 and TSC2 genes respectively. Of these, three are novel SNPs. There was no correlation between the types of mutations (missense, nonsense, etc.) and the severity of the disease. As observed in the western and Japanese populations, the mutations were scattered across the TSC2 gene. DNA sequence analysis of promoter regions of both TSC genes in 24 families did not show any variation. (This work was financially supported by a grant from DBT, New Delhi to AK and SCG and a CSIR JRF to MA).

Item Type: Conference Poster
Keywords: TSC;Indian;mutation;polymorphism
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Reproduction, Development & Genetics (formed by the merger of DBGL and CRBME)
Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2007
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:17
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/2268

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