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Genetic analysis of CYP1B1, MYOC, OPTN and OPTC genes in glaucoma patients from South India

Dorairaj, SK and Ramesh, TK and Manjunath, GB and Gupta, SK and Ali, Mahmood and Shah, M and Aruna, AR and Kumar, Arun (2004) Genetic analysis of CYP1B1, MYOC, OPTN and OPTC genes in glaucoma patients from South India. In: 54th Annual meeting of the American Society of Human Genetics, October 28-30, Toronto, Canada, 2098/F4-383.

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Abstract

Glaucoma represents a group of optic neuropathies with different genetic basis. In India, ~1.5 million people are blind due to glaucoma. Mutations in the MYOC gene at the GLC1A locus on chromosome 1q21-q31, CYP1B1 gene at the GLC3A locus on chromosome 2p21 and the OPTN gene at the GLC1E locus on chromosome 10p14 have been found in patients with glaucoma. The purpose of the present study was to screen sequence variations in these genes as well as in OPTC in a total of 146 glaucoma patients ascertained mostly from the state of Karnataka and its border areas with states of Andhra Pradesh and Tamilnadu, south India. Of these, 116 were affected with adult-onset primary open-angle glaucoma (A-POAG), 18 were with juvenile-onset primary open-angle glaucoma (J-POAG) and 12 were with primary congenital glaucoma (PCG). The coding regions of CYP1B1 and MYOC were screened for mutations and variations in all of the 146 patients using a combination of PCR-SSCP and DNA sequence analyses. Our analysis revealed a total of five mutations (two novel and three known) and seven variants/polymorphisms in CYP1B1. No mutation was found in MYOC. However, we have detected one known and one novel polymorphisms in this gene. Screening of 116 A-POAG patients showed one novel and one known risk-factor associated mutations in OPTN. In addition, two novel and one known polymorphisms were also detected in OPTN. Screening of OPTC in 116 A-POAG patients showed one novel and two previously known polymorphisms. (This work was supported by a grant from the CSIR, New Delhi).

Item Type: Conference Poster
Keywords: Glaucoma;J-POAG;CYP1B1;OPTC;OPTN;MYOC;PCR-SSCP;Indian;mutation;polymorphism
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Reproduction, Development & Genetics (formed by the merger of DBGL and CRBME)
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2005
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:17
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/2270

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