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Studies on follicular atresia: role of tropic hormone and steroids in regulating cathepsin-D activity of preantral follicles of the immature rat

Dhanasekaran, N and Moudgal, NR (1986) Studies on follicular atresia: role of tropic hormone and steroids in regulating cathepsin-D activity of preantral follicles of the immature rat. In: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology, 44 (1). 77 -84.

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Abstract

The ovary of the immature female rat is comprised of primary and medium-sized preantral follicles. Upon stimulation with FSH or PMSG, the cathepsin-D activity, a representative lysosomal enzyme of granulosa cells, is reduced by 50% (P < 0.01). 17β-Estradiol at the doses tried was unable to mimic this effect. Blockade of steroidogenesis with cyanoketone also had no effect on the cathepsin-D activity of isolated granulosa cells. Dihydrotestosterone (DHT), however, at a dose of 1 mg/rat was able to inhibit PMSG's tropic action. It brought about an increase in cathepsin-D activity and reduction in steroidogenic activity of isolated granulosa cells. The atretogenic activity of DHT could be relieved by supplementation with exogenous FSH. DHT was observed to significantly reduce (P < 0.01) endogenous FSH and LH levels within 12–18 h of its injection suggesting that its atretic effect was due to its action at the pituitary rather than the gonad. In addition to the above the ability of 15 IU of PMSG to reduce cathepsin-D activity of granulosa cells was also significantly reduced (P < 0.01) if endogenous FSH was neutralized by a specific FSH antiserum. The present study suggests that as far as small and medium-sized primary and preantral follicles are concerned, FSH lack is the essential signal for onset of atresia.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: estrogen;dihydrotestosterone;FSH;PMSG;steroidogenesis; lysosomal enzyme;hormone receptors.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 22 Jan 2010 05:55
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:43
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/22828

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