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Nonstandard Amino Acids in Conformational Design of Peptides. Helical Structures in Crystals of 5-10 Residue Peptides Containing Dipropylglycine and Dibutylglycine

Karle, Isabella L and Rao, Balaji R and Prasad, Sudhanand and Kaul, Ramesh and Balaram, P (1994) Nonstandard Amino Acids in Conformational Design of Peptides. Helical Structures in Crystals of 5-10 Residue Peptides Containing Dipropylglycine and Dibutylglycine. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, 116 (23). pp. 10355-10361.

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Abstract

Nonstandard amino acids dipropylglycine (Dpg) and dibutylglycine (Dbg) have been incorporated into penta- to decapeptides in order to impose local restrictions on the polypeptide chain stereochemistry. In each case, the Dpg and Dbg residues showed similar helix-forming propensity as the Aib (alpha-aminoisobutyric) residue. Further, the 310- and a-helices containing the Dbg and Dpg residues had crystal packing motifs quite similar to those found for Aib-containing peptides. Crystal structure analyses are presented for Boc-Aib-Ala-Leu-Ala-Leu-Dpg-Leu-Ala-Leu-Aib-OMe (I), space group P21 with a = 11.313(3) Å, b = 28.756(5) Å, c = 11.884 Å, beta = 103.74(1)"; Boc-Leu-Dpg-Leu-Ala-Leu-Aib-OMe, polymorph a (IIa), space group P1 with a = 10.205(5) Å, b = 10.996(5) Å, c = 21.393(9) Å, a = 81.92(3)", beta = 88.20(3)" gamma = 89.74(3)' and polymorph b (IIb), space group P212121 with a = 9.291(1) Å, b =23.003(5) Å, c = 23.085(6): and Boc-Leu-Dbg-Val-Ala-Leu-OMe (III), space group P21 with a = 9.907(2) Å, b = 16.078(3) Å, c = 13.543(3) Å, beta = 104.48(2)". The observation of helical conformations at all Dpg/Dbg residues is not entirely expected on the basis of conformational energy calculations and crystal structure observations on small homooligopeptides.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2004
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:17
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/2300

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