Thanabal, V and Krishnan, V (1982) Porphyrins with multiple crown ether voids: novel systems for cation complexation studies. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, 104 (13). pp. 3643-3650.
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Porphyrins appended with crown ether, benzo-15-crown-5, at the methine positions have been synthesized and characterized. The fully and partially substituted porphyrins and their metallo (Co, Cu, and Zn) derivatives describe one or more ether cavities in the periphery that are capable of recognizing spherical cations. The ability of these macrocycles to complex cations (Na+, K+, Mg2+, Ca2+, Ba2', and NH4+) is investigated by use of visible, 'H NMR, ESR, and emission spectral studies. The tetrasubstituted crown porphyrin (TCP) exhibits very high selectivity for K+. The cations (K', Ba2+, and NH4+) that require two crown ether cavities for complexation promote dimerization of the porphyrins. The ESR study of the cation-induced porphyrin dimers reveals axial symmetry with the porphyrin planes separated by -4.2 A. This distance increases from the fully substituted to partially substituted porphyrins. The cations (K', Ba2+, and NH4') quench efficiently the fluorescence of the free base porphyrins and their metallo derivatives. The quenching process is attributed to the steric geometry of the dimers.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.|
|Department/Centre:||Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry|
|Date Deposited:||24 Dec 2009 08:05|
|Last Modified:||19 Sep 2010 05:44|
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