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Theoretical studies on penicillins, penicillin sulphones and their 1-oxa-1-dethia and 1-carba-1-dethia analogues: binding specificities of transeptidases and penicillinases

Vasudevan, TK and Rao, VSR (1982) Theoretical studies on penicillins, penicillin sulphones and their 1-oxa-1-dethia and 1-carba-1-dethia analogues: binding specificities of transeptidases and penicillinases. In: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 4 (4). pp. 219-226.

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Abstract

Empirical potential energy calculations have been carried out to determine the preferred conformations of penicillins and penicillin sulphones and their 1-oxa-1-dethia and 1-carba-1-dethia analogues. With the exception of 1-oxa-1-dethia penicillins, all the other compounds favour C2 and the C3 puckered conformations of their five-membered rings. Replacement of C2 methyl groups by hydrogen atoms as in bisnorpenicillin V or oxidation of sulphur in position 1 as in sulphones, makes the C3 puckered form much less favourable. Addition of an amino-acyl group at the C6 atom, however, makes the C3 puckered form more favoured in penicillin G or V and in 1-carba-1-dethia penicillins. Through the replacement of the sulphur atom at position 1 by an oxygen atom or by a -CH2 group increases the non-planarity of the lactam peptide bond, it significantly affects the relative disposition of the C3 carboxyl group with respect to the β-lactam ring. These conformational differences have been correlated with the biological activities of these compounds. The present study suggests that the conformation of the bicyclic ring system may be more important for initial binding with the crosslinking enzyme(s) involved in the biosynthesis of bacterial cell-wall peptidoglycan and that the mode of binding is influenced by the nature of the side-group at the C6 atom. These studies predict, in agreement with experimental results, that the 1-oxa-1-dethia penicillin nulceus is an inhibitor of penicillianses. The study also suggests that the stereospecificities of the crosslinking enzyme(s) and penicillinases are very similar with regard to the nature of the side-group at the 6 atom and the confirmation of the bicyclic ring system. However, the confirmational requirement for the bicyclic ring system appears to be more specific in the former enzyme than in the latter.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Publisher.
Keywords: Pencillin; conformation of penicillins; binding specificities of transpeptidases and penicillinses; penicillin sulphones
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 23 Dec 2009 09:50
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:44
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/23084

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