Punekar, NS and Vaidyanathan, S and Appaji Rao, N (1984) Studies on Aspergillus niger glutamine synthetase: Regulation of enzyme levels by nitrogen sources and identification of active site residues. In: Journal of biosciences, 6 (1). pp. 17-35.
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The specific activity of glutamine synthetase (L-glutamate: ammonia ligase, EC 220.127.116.11) in surface grown Aspergillus niger was increased 3-5 fold when grown on L-glutamate or potassium nitrate, compared to the activity obtained on ammonium chloride. The levels of glutamine synthetase was regulated by the availability of nitrogen source like NH4 + , and further, the enzyme is repressed by increasing concentrations of NH4 +. In contrast to other micro-organisms, the Aspergillus niger enzyme was neither specifically inactivated by NH4+ or L-glutamine nor regulated by covalent modification.Glutamine synthetase from Aspergillus niger was purified to homogenity. The native enzyme is octameric with a molecular weight of 385,000±25,000. The enzyme also catalyses Mn2+ or Mg2+-dependent synthetase and Mn2+-dependent transferase activity.Aspergillus niger glutamine synthetase was completely inactivated by two mol of phenylglyoxal and one mol of N-ethylmaleimide with second order rate constants of 3·8 M–1 min–1 and 760 M–1 min–1 respectively. Ligands like Mg. ATP, Mg. ADP, Mg. AMP, L-glutamate NH4+, Mn2+ protected the enzyme against inactivation. The pattern of inactivation and protection afforded by different ligands against N-ethylamaleimide and phenylglyoxal was remarkably similar. These results suggest that metal ATP complex acts as a substrate and interacts with an arginine ressidue at the active site. Further, the metal ion and the free nucleotide probably interact at other sites on the enzyme affecting the catalytic activity.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||Copyright for this article belongs to Indian academy of sciences.|
|Department/Centre:||Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry|
|Date Deposited:||02 Feb 2010 07:13|
|Last Modified:||19 Sep 2010 05:47|
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