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Role of heme in the synthesis of cytochrome c oxidase in Neurospora crassa

Kumar, CC and Padmanaban, G (1980) Role of heme in the synthesis of cytochrome c oxidase in Neurospora crassa. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, 255 (23). pp. 1130-1134.

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Official URL: http://www.jbc.org/content/255/23/11130.abstract

Abstract

The role of heme in the synthesis of cytochrome c oxidase has been investigated in the mold Neurospora crassa. Iron-deficient cultures of the mold have low levels of cytochrome oxidase and delta-aminolevulinate dehydratase, the latter being the rate-limiting enzyme of the heme-biosynthetic pathway in this organism. Addition of iron to the iron-deficient cultures results in an immediate increase in the levels of delta-aminolevulinate dehydratase followed by an increase in the rate of heme synthesis and cytochrome oxidase levels. The rate of precursor labeling of the mitochondrial subunits of cytochrome oxidase is decreased preferentially under conditions of iron deficiency and addition of iron corrects this picture. Exogenous hemin addition which prevents iron-mediated induction of delta-aminolevulinate dehydratase also inhibits the increase in the activity of cytochrome oxidase and the enhanced precursor labeling of the mitochondrial subunits of cytochrome oxidase. Protein synthesis on mitoribosomes measured in vivo and in vitro is decreased under conditions of heme deficiency. Hemin addition in vitro to mitochondrial lysates prepared from heme-deficient mycelia restores a near normal rate of protein synthesis. It is concluded that heme is required for the optimal rate of translation on mitoribosomes.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2010 05:35
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:47
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/23766

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