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Influence of Joint Thickness and Mortar-Block Elastic Properties on the Strength and Stresses Developed in Soil-Cement Block Masonry

Reddy, BV Venkatarama and Lal, Richardson and Rao, KS Nanjunda (2009) Influence of Joint Thickness and Mortar-Block Elastic Properties on the Strength and Stresses Developed in Soil-Cement Block Masonry. In: Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 21 (10). pp. 535-542.

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Abstract

Soil-cement blocks are employed for load bearing masonry buildings. This paper deals with the study on the influence of bed joint thickness and elastic properties of the soil-cement blocks, and the mortar on the strength and behavior of soil-cement block masonry prisms. Influence of joint thickness on compressive strength has been examined through an experimental program. The nature of stresses developed and their distribution, in the block and the mortar of the soil-cement block masonry prism under compression, has been analyzed by an elastic analysis using FEM. Influence of various parameters like joint thickness, ratio of block to mortar modulus, and Poisson's ratio of the block and the mortar are considered in FEM analysis. Some of the major conclusions of the study are: (1) masonry compressive strength is sensitive to the ratio of modulus of block to that of the mortar (Eb/Em) and masonry compressive strength decreases as the mortar joint thickness is increased for the case where the ratio of block to mortar modulus is more than 1; (2) the lateral tensile stresses developed in the masonry unit are sensitive to the Eb/Em ratio and the Poisson's ratio of mortar and the masonry unit; and (3) lateral stresses developed in the masonry unit are more sensitive to the Poisson's ratio of the mortar than the Poisson's ratio of the masonry unit.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right of this article belongs to American Society of Civil Engineers.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2009 10:08
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:47
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/23824

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