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Structure and Bonding in N-Methylacetamide Complexes of Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals

Chakrabarti, Purbani and Venkatesan, K and Rao, CNR (1981) Structure and Bonding in N-Methylacetamide Complexes of Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals. In: Proceedings Of The Royal Society Of London Series A-Mathematical Physical And Engineering Sciences, 375 (1760). pp. 127-153.

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Official URL: http://rspa.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/375...

Abstract

A detailed crystallographic investigation of N-methylacetamide complexes of Li, Na, K, Mg and Ca has been made in view of its importance in the coordination chemistry and biochemistry of alkali and alkaline earth metals. The metal ions bind to the amide oxygen causing an increase in the carbonyl distance and a proportionate decrease in the central C-N bond distance. The decrease in the central C-N distance is accompanied by an increase in the distance of the adjacent C-C bond and a decrease in the adjacent C-N bond distance. The metal ion generally deviates from the direction of the lone pair of the carbonyl oxygen and also from the plane of the peptide, the out-of-plane deviation varying with the ionic potential of the cation. The metal-oxygen distance in alkali and alkaline earth metal complexes of a given coordination number also varies with the ionic potential of the cation, as does the strength of binding of the cations to the amide. The amide molecules are essentially planar in these complexes, as expected from the increased bond order of the central C-N bond. The NH bonds of the amide are generally hydrogen bonded to anions. The structures of the amide complexes are compared with those of other oxygen donor complexes of alkali and alkaline earth metals. The structural study described here also provides a basis for the interpretation of results from spectroscopic and theoretical investigations of the interaction of alkali and alkaline earth metal cations with amides.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Royal Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Organic Chemistry
Date Deposited: 23 Dec 2009 06:55
Last Modified: 23 Dec 2009 06:55
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/23868

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