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Effect of carbon equivalent and inoculation on residual stresses in grey iron castings

Balasingh, C and Seshadri, MR and Srinivasan, MN and Ramaseshan, S (1984) Effect of carbon equivalent and inoculation on residual stresses in grey iron castings. In: Journal of Mechanical Working Technology, 9 (1). pp. 53-66.

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Abstract

It is virtually impossible to produce castings free from internal stresses using conventional methods of founding. Castings with appreciable stresses distort during storage, transportation, machining and service. Though composition and melt treatment are known to affect the magnitude of residual stress in castings, the data on the effect of carbon equivalent and inoculation on the magnitude of residual stress in castings are limited. In the present investigation, an attempt is made to study (i) the effect of carbon equivalent on residual stress in cast iron castings, and (ii) the effect of inoculants such as calcium silicide and ferrosilicon on residual stress in iron castings in the carbon equivalent range 3.0–4.0%. The results of the investigation indicate the following: (i) the residual strains decrease linearly with increase in carbon equivalent in the uninoculated and inoculated irons; (ii) the tensile residual stresses decrease linearly with increase in carbon equivalent value of the uninoculated, calcium silicide-inoculated and ferrosilicon-inoculated cast iron castings; (iii) the ratio of UTS to residual stress increased on inoculating the grid castings. This increase is higher for calcium silicide-inoculated grids than for ferrosilicon-inoculated grid castings. This implies that from the residual stress point of view, inoculation of the iron with calcium silicide is beneficial.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to Elsevier science.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2010 09:33
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:48
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/23981

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