Raghavendrachara, P and Chanda, M (1984) A kinetic model for heterogeneous acetalisation of poly(vinyl alcohol). In: European Polymer Journal, 20 (3). pp. 257-263.
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A model for heterogeneous acetalisation of poly(vinyl alcohol) with limited solution volume is proposed based on the grain model of Sohn and Szekely. Instead of treating the heterogeneous acetalisation as purely a diffusion process, as in the Matuzawa and Ogasawara model, the present model also takes into account the chemical reaction and the physical state of the solid polymer, such as degree of swelling and porosity, and assumes segregation of the polymer phase at higher conversion into an outer fully reacted zone and an inner zone where the reaction still proceeds. The solution of the model for limited solution volume, moreover, offers a simple method of determining the kinetic parameters and diffusivity for the solid-liquid system using the easily measurable bulk solution concentration of the liquid reactant instead of conversion-distance data for the solid phase, which are considerably more difficult to obtain.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||Copyright for this article belongs to Elsevier science.|
|Department/Centre:||Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering|
|Date Deposited:||13 Jan 2010 10:01|
|Last Modified:||19 Sep 2010 05:48|
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