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Inhibition of Human Two-Pore Domain K+ Channel TREK1 by Local Anesthetic Lidocaine: Negative Cooperativity and Half-of-Sites Saturation Kinetics

Nayak, Tapan K and Harinath, S and Nama, S and Somasundaram, K and Sikdar, SK (2009) Inhibition of Human Two-Pore Domain K+ Channel TREK1 by Local Anesthetic Lidocaine: Negative Cooperativity and Half-of-Sites Saturation Kinetics. In: Molecular Pharmacology, 76 (4). pp. 903-917.

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Abstract

TWIK-related K+ channel TREK1, a background leak K+ channel, has been strongly implicated as the target of several general and local anesthetics. Here, using the whole-cell and single-channel patch-clamp technique, we investigated the effect of lidocaine, a local anesthetic, on the human (h) TREK1 channel heterologously expressed in human embryonic kidney 293 cells by an adenoviral-mediated expression system. Lidocaine, at clinical concentrations, produced reversible, concentration-dependent inhibition of hTREK1 current, with IC50 value of 180 mu M, by reducing the single-channel open probability and stabilizing the closed state. We have identified a strategically placed unique aromatic couplet (Tyr352 and Phe355) in the vicinity of the protein kinase A phosphorylation site, Ser348, in the C-terminal domain (CTD) of hTREK1, that is critical for the action of lidocaine. Furthermore, the phosphorylation state of Ser348 was found to have a regulatory role in lidocaine-mediated inhibition of hTREK1. It is interesting that we observed strong intersubunit negative cooperativity (Hill coefficient = 0.49) and half-of-sites saturation binding stoichiometry (half-reaction order) for the binding of lidocaine to hTREK1. Studies with the heterodimer of wild-type (wt)-hTREK1 and Delta 119 C-terminal deletion mutant (hTREK1(wt)-Delta 119) revealed that single CTD of hTREK1 was capable of mediating partial inhibition by lidocaine, but complete inhibition necessitates the cooperative interaction between both the CTDs upon binding of lidocaine. Based on our observations, we propose a model that explains the unique kinetics and provides a plausible paradigm for the inhibitory action of lidocaine on hTREK1.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, 2009.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2009 10:47
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:49
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/24210

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