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Studies on the relative biopotencies and intestinal absorption of different apo-beta-carotenoids in rats and chickens.

Sharma, RV and Mathur, SN and Ganguly, J (1976) Studies on the relative biopotencies and intestinal absorption of different apo-beta-carotenoids in rats and chickens. In: Biochemical Journal, 158 (2). pp. 377-383.

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Official URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC116398...

Abstract

1. The biopotencies relative to beta-carotene of several apocarotenoids, such as 8'-, 10'- and 12'-apo-beta-carotenal and methyl 8'-apo-beta-carotenoate, were investigated in rats, on a molar basis, by both curative-growth assay and liver-storage tests. 2. In the curative-growth assays, on a molar basis the biopotencies of 8'-, 10'- and 12'-apo-beta-carotenal and methyl 8'-apo-beta-carotenoate were 72, 78, 72 and 53% respectively, whereas on a weight basis the corresponding values were 93, 111, 111 and 63%, with respect to beta-carotene taken as 100%. In terms of yield of vitamin A, these values were much lower in the liver-storage tests. 3. When 8'-apo-beta-carotenal was fed, the unchanged aldehyde together with small amounts of the corresponding alcohol and larger proportions of the acid rapidly appeared in the tissues of both rats and chickens. The 8'-apocarotenol, 8'-apocarotenoic acid and its methyl ester were absorbed unchanged. The free acid disappeared most rapidly from the tissues, but its methyl ester persisted in the tissues longest. 4. On the basis of these observations it is suggested that most of an apocarotenal is oxidized to the corresponding acid, which, in turn, is mostly degraded to retinoic acid, with small proportions of it being attacked by the dioxygenase system giving retinal.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to the Biochemical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2009 11:32
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:49
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/24280

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