Chanda, Manas and Kumar, Virendra (1977) Kinetics of formalization of poly(vinyl acetate). In: Die Angewandte Makromolekulare Chemie, 62 (1). 229 -240.
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Kinetic information on the formation of poly(vinyl formal) by the reaction of poly(vinyl acetate) and formaldehyde in presence of aqueous acid has been derived from the spectroscopic analysis of polymer samples after different periods of reaction. The hydroxyl content of poly(vinyl formal) is found to be nearly independent of reaction time and only slightly affected by temperature while the fall of acetate content and the increase in formal content are most rapid in the initial period and are largely influenced by temperature. The rate expression formulated on the assumption that the formalization reaction is of first order with respect to both poly(vinyl acetate) and formaldehyde explains the observed variation of polymer composition with reaction time. The activation energy for the reaction is found to be 17.3 kcal/mol.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.|
|Department/Centre:||Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering|
|Date Deposited:||20 Jan 2010 06:01|
|Last Modified:||19 Sep 2010 05:50|
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