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A novel intermediate in the interaction of thiosemicarbazide with sheep liver serine hydroxymethyltransferase

Acharya, JK and Rao, NA (1992) A novel intermediate in the interaction of thiosemicarbazide with sheep liver serine hydroxymethyltransferase. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, 267 (27). pp. 19066-19071.

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Official URL: http://www.jbc.org/content/267/27/19066.abstract

Abstract

An unusual intermediate bound to the enzyme was detected in the interaction of thiosemicarbazide with sheep liver serine hydroxymethyltransferase. This intermediate had absorbance maxima at 464 and 440 nm. Such spectra are characteristic of resonance stabilized intermediates detected in the interaction of substrates and quasi-substrates with pyridoxal phosphate enzymes. An intermediate of this kind has not been detected in the interaction of thiosemicarbazide with other pyridoxal phosphate enzymes. This intermediate was generated slowly (t 1/2 = 4 min) following the addition of thiosemicarbazide (200 microM) to sheep liver serine hydroxymethyltransferase (5 microM). It was bound to the enzyme as evidenced by circular dichroic bands at 464 and 440 nm and the inability to be removed upon Centricon filtration. The kinetics of interaction revealed that thiosemicarbazide was a slow binding reversible inhibitor in this phase with a k(on) of 11 M-1 s-1 and a k(off) of 5 x 10(-4) s-1. The intermediate was converted very slowly (k = 4 x 10(-5) s-1) to the final products, namely the apoenzyme and the thiosemicarbazone of pyridoxal phosphate. A minimal kinetic mechanism involving the initial conversion to the intermediate absorbing at longer wavelengths and the conversion of this intermediate to the final product, as well as, the formation of pyridoxal phosphate-thiosemicarbazone directly by an alternate pathway is proposed.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2009 05:36
Last Modified: 23 Feb 2012 07:23
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/24617

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