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Further characterization of the saccharide specificity of peanut (Arachis hypogaea) agglutinin

Swamy, MJ and Gupta, D and Mahanta, SK and Surolia, A (1991) Further characterization of the saccharide specificity of peanut (Arachis hypogaea) agglutinin. In: Carbohydrate Research, 213 . pp. 59-67.

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Abstract

2-Dansylamino-2-deoxy-D-galactose (GalNDns) has been shown to bind to peanut (Arachis hypogaea) agglutinin (PNA) in a saccharide-specific manner. This binding was accompanied by a five-fold increase in the fluorescence of GalNDns. The interaction was characterized by an association constant of 0.15 mM at 15° and ΔH and ΔS values of -57.04 kJ·mol-1 and -118.1 J·mol-1.K-1, respectively. Binding of a variety of other mono-, di- and oligo-saccharides to PNA, studied by monitoring their ability to dissociate the PNA-GalNDns complex, revealed that PNA interacts with several T-antigen-related structures, such as β-d-Galp-(1→3)-D-GalNAc, β-D-Galp-(1→3)-α-D-GalpNAcOMe, and β-D-Galp-(1→3)-α-D-GalpNAc(1→3)-Ser, as well as the asialo-G(M1) tetrasaccharide, with comparable affinity, thus showing that this lectin does not discriminate between saccharides in which the penultimate sugar of the β-D-Galp-(1→3)-D-GalNAc unit is the α or β anomer, in contrast to jacalin (Artocarpus integrifolia agglutinin), another anti T-lectin which preferentially binds to β-D-Galp-(1→3)-α-D-GalNAc and does not recognize β-D-Galp-(1→3)-β-D-GalNAc or the related asialo-G(M1) oligosaccharide. These studies also indicated that, in the extended combining region of PNA which accommodates a disaccharide, the primary subsite (subsite A) is highly specific for D-galactose, whereas the secondary subsite (subsite B) is less specific and can accommodate various structures, such as D-galactose, 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-galactose, D-glucose, and 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucose.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 30 Dec 2009 09:56
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:51
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/24729

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