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Origin of activation of Lattice Oxygen and Synergistic Interaction in Bimetal-Ionic Ce0.89Fe0.1Pd0.01O2-delta Catalyst

Gupta, Asha and Kumar, Anil and Waghmare, Umesh V and Hegde, MS (2009) Origin of activation of Lattice Oxygen and Synergistic Interaction in Bimetal-Ionic Ce0.89Fe0.1Pd0.01O2-delta Catalyst. In: Chemistry of materials, 21 (20). pp. 4880-4891.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/cm901906e

Abstract

Flourite-type nanocrystalline Ce0.9Fe0.1O2-delta and Ce0.89Fe0.1Pd0.01O2-delta solid solutions have been synthesized by solution combustion method,'.which show higher oxygen storage/release property (OSC) compared to CeO2 and Ce0.8Zr0.2O2. Temperature programmed reduction an XPS study reveal that the presence of Pd ion in Ce0.9Fe0.1O2-delta facilitates complete reduction of Fe3+ to Fe2+ state and partial reduction of Ce4+ to Ce3+ state at.temperatures as low as 105 degrees C compared to 400 degrees C for monometal-ionic Ce0.9Fe0.1O2-delta. Fe3+ ion is reduced to Fe2+ and not to Feo due to favorable redox potential for Ce4+ + Fe2+ -> Ce3+ + Fe3+ reaction. Using first-principles density functional theory calculation we determine M-O (M = Pd, Fe, Ce) bond lengths, and find that bond lengths vary from shorter (2.16 angstrom) to longer (2.9 angstrom) bond distances compared to mean Ce-O bond distance of 2.34 angstrom. for CeO2. Using these results in bond valence analysis, we show that oxygen with bond valences as low as -1.55 are created, leading to activation of lattice oxygen in the bimetal ionic catalyst. Temperatures of CO oxidation and NO reduction by CO/H-2 are lower with the bimetalionic Ce0.89Fe0.1Pd0.01O2-delta catalyst compared to monometal-ionic Ce0.9Fe0.1O2-delta and Ce0.99Pd0.01O2-delta catalysts. From XPS studies of Pd impregnated on CeO2 and Fe2O3 oxides, we show that the synergism leading to low temperature activation of lattice oxygen in bimetal-ionic catalyst Ce0.89Fe0.1Pd0.01O2-delta is due to low-temperature reduction of Pd2+ to Pd-0, followed by Pd-0 + 2Fe(3+) -> Pd2+ + 2Fe(2+), Pd-0 + 2Ce(4+) -> Pd2+ + 2Ce(3+) redox reaction.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2009 16:08
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:52
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/24927

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