Gandhi, KS (2009) Modeling of Freezing Phenomena Induced by Chemical Reactions. In: Industrial & engineering chemistry research, 48 (21). pp. 9755-9762.
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Spatial variations in the concentration of a reactive solute in solution are often encountered in a catalyst particle, and this leads to variation in the freezing point of the solution. Depending on the operating temperature, this can result in freezing of the solvent oil a portion of catalyst, rendering that part of the active area ineffective Freezing call occur by formation of a sharp front or it mush that separates the solid and fluid phases. In this paper, we model the extent of reduction in the active area due to freezing. Assuming that the freezing point decreases linearly with solute concentration, conditions for freezing to occur have been derived. At steady state, the ineffective fraction of catalyst pellet is found to be the same irrespective of the mode of freezing. Progress of freezing is determined by both the heat of reaction and the latent heat of fusion Unlike in freezing of alloys where the latter plays a dominant role, the exothermicity of the reaction has a significant effect on freezing in the presence of chemical reactions. A dimensionless group analogous to the Stefan number could be defined to capture the combined effect of both of these.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||Copyright for this article belongs to American Chemical Society.|
|Department/Centre:||Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering|
|Date Deposited:||07 Dec 2009 07:17|
|Last Modified:||19 Sep 2010 05:52|
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