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Synthesis and Evaluation of a Novel Class of G-Quadruplex-Stabilizing Small Molecules Based on the 1,3-Phenylene-Bis(piperazinyl benzimidazole) System

Jain, Akash K and Reddy, Vishnu Vardhan and Paul, Ananya and Muniyappa, K and Bhattacharya, Santanu (2009) Synthesis and Evaluation of a Novel Class of G-Quadruplex-Stabilizing Small Molecules Based on the 1,3-Phenylene-Bis(piperazinyl benzimidazole) System. In: Biochemistry, 48 (45). pp. 10693-10704.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/bi9003815

Abstract

Achieving stabilization of telomeric DNA in G-quadruplex conformation by Various organic compounds has been an important goal for the medicinal chemists seeking to develop new anticancer agents. Several compounds are known to stabilize G-quadruplexes. However, relatively few are known to induce their formation and/or alter the topology, of the preformed quadruplex DNA. Herein, four compounds having the 1,3-phenylene-bis(piperazinyl benzimidazole) unit as a basic skeleton have been synthesized, and their interactions with the 24-mer telomeric DNA sequences from Tetrahymena thermophilia d(T(2)G(4))(4) have been investigated using high-resolution techniques Such as circular dichroism (CD) spectropolarimetry, CD melting, emission spectroscopy, and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The data obtained, in the presence of one of three ions (Li+, Na+, or K+), indicate that all the new compounds have a high affinity for G-quadruplex DNA, and the strength of the binding with G-quadruplex depends on (1) phenyl ring substitution, (ii) the piperazinyl side chain, and (iii) the type of monovalent cation present in the buffer. Results further Suggest that these compounds are able to abet the conversion of the Intramolecular quadruplex into parallel stranded intermolecular G-quadruplex DNA. Notably, these compounds are also capable of inducing and stabilizing the parallel stranded quadruplex from randomly structured DNA in the absence of any stabilizing cation. The kinetics of the structural changes Induced by these compounds could be followed by recording the changes in the CD signal as a function of time. The implications of the findings mentioned above are discussed in this paper.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Division of Chemical Sciences > Organic Chemistry
Date Deposited: 02 Dec 2009 05:23
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:53
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/25035

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