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LbL Fabricated Poly(Styrene Sulfonate)/TiO2 Multilayer Thin Films for Environmental Applications

Priya, Neela D and Modak, Jayant M and Raichur, Ashok M (2009) LbL Fabricated Poly(Styrene Sulfonate)/TiO2 Multilayer Thin Films for Environmental Applications. In: Acs Applied Materials & Interfaces, 1 (11). pp. 2684-2693.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/am900566n

Abstract

Fabrication of multilayer ultrathin composite films composed of nanosized titanium dioxide particles (P25, Degussa) and polyelectrolytes (PELs), such as poly(allyl amine hydrochloride) (PAH) and poly(styrene sulfonate sodium salt) (PSS), on glass substrates using the layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly technique and its potentia application for the photodegradation of rhodamine B under ultraviolet (UV) irradiation has been reported. The polyelectrolytes and TiO2 were deposited on glass substrates at pH 2.5 and the growth of the multilayers was studied using UV/vis speccrophotometer. Thicknes measurements of the films showed a linear increase in film thickness with increase in number of bilayers. The surface microstructure of the thin films was characterized by field emission scanning electron microscope. The ability of the catalysts immobilized by this technique was compared with TiO2 films prepared by drop casting and spin coating methods. Comparison has been made in terms of film stability and photodegradation of rhodamine B. Process variables such as the effect of surface area of the multilayers, umber of bilayers, and initial dye concentration on photodegradation of rhodamine B were studied. Degradation efficiency increased with increase in number of catalysts (total surface area) and bilayers. Kinetics analysis indicated that the photodegradation rates follow first order kinetics. Under maximum loading of TiO2, with five catalyst slides having 20 bilayers of polyelectrolyte/TiO2 on each, 100 mL of 10 mg/L dye solution could be degraded completely in 4 h. The same slides could be reused with the same efficiency for several cycles. This study demonstrates that nanoparticles can be used in wastewater treatment using a simple immobilization technique. This makes the process an attractive option for scale up.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
Keywords: layer-by-layer method; multilayer thin films; titanium dioxide;photodegradation; rhodamine B
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 30 Dec 2009 09:02
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:53
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/25199

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