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Structural Investigation of Activated Lattice Oxygen in Ce1-xSnxO2 and Ce1-x-ySnxPdyO2-delta by EXAFS and DFT calculation

Gupta, Asha and Hegde, MS and Priolkar, KR and Waghmare, UV and Sarode, PR and Emura, S (2009) Structural Investigation of Activated Lattice Oxygen in Ce1-xSnxO2 and Ce1-x-ySnxPdyO2-delta by EXAFS and DFT calculation. In: Chemistry of Materials, 21 (24). pp. 5836-5847.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/cm902466p

Abstract

Substitution of Sn4+ ion in CeO2 creates activated oxygen in Ce0.8Sn0.2O2 leading to higher oxygen storage capacity compared to Ce0.8Zr0.2O2. With Pd ion substitution in Ce0.8Sn0.2O2,activation of oxygen is further enhanced as observed from the H-2/TPR study. Both EXAFS analysis and DFT calculation reveal that in the solid solution Ceexhibits 4 + 4 coordination, Sri exhibits 4 + 2 + 2 coordination and Pd has 4 + 3 coordination. While the oxygen in the First four coordination with short M-O bonds are strongly held in the lattice, the oxygens in the second and higher coordinations with long M-O bonds are weakly bound, and they are the activated oxygen ill the lattice. Bond valence analysis shows that oxygen with valencies as low its 1.65 are created by the Sn and Pd ion Substitution. Another interesting observation is that H-2/TPR experiment of Ce1-xSnxO2 shows a broad peak starting from 200 to 500 degrees C, while the same reduction is achieved in a single step at similar to 110 degrees C in presence Pd2+ on. Substitution of Pd2+ ion thus facilitates synergistic reduction of the catalyst at lower temperature. We have shown that simultaneous reduction of the Ce4+ and Sr4+ ions by Pd-0 is the synergistic interaction leading to high oxygen storage capacity at low temperature.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right of this article belongs to Chemistry of Materials.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2010 12:31
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:54
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/25318

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