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Ligand Specificity of Group I Biotin Protein Ligase of Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Purushothaman, Sudha and Gupta, Garima and Srivastava, Richa and Ramu, Vasanthakumar Ganga and Surolia, Avadhesha (2008) Ligand Specificity of Group I Biotin Protein Ligase of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. In: PLoS ONE, 3 (5).

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Official URL: http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.137...

Abstract

Background: Fatty acids are indispensable constituents of mycolic acids that impart toughness & permeability barrier to the cell envelope of M. tuberculosis. Biotin is an essential co-factor for acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) the enzyme involved in the synthesis of malonyl-CoA, a committed precursor, needed for fatty acid synthesis. Biotin carboxyl carrier protein (BCCP) provides the co-factor for catalytic activity of ACC. Methodology/Principal Findings: BPL/BirA (Biotin Protein Ligase), and its substrate, biotin carboxyl carrier protein (BCCP) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mt) were cloned and expressed in E. coli BL21. In contrast to EcBirA and PhBPL, the similar to 29.5 kDa MtBPL exists as a monomer in native, biotin and bio-5'AMP liganded forms. This was confirmed by molecular weigt profiling by gel filtration on Superdex S-200 and Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS). Computational docking of biotin and bio-5'AMP to MtBPL show that adenylation alters the contact residues for biotin. MtBPL forms 11 H-bonds with biotin, relative to 35 with bio-5'AMP. Docking simulations also suggest that bio-5'AMP hydrogen bonds to the conserved `GRGRRG' sequence but not biotin. The enzyme catalyzed transfer of biotin to BCCP was confirmed by incorporation of radioactive biotin and by Avidin blot. The K-m for BCCP was similar to 5.2 mu M and similar to 420 nM for biotin. MtBPL has low affinity (K-b = 1.06 x 10(-6) M) for biotin relative to EcBirA but their K-m are almost comparable suggesting that while the major function of MtBPL is biotinylation of BCCP, tight binding of biotin/bio-5'AMP by EcBirA is channeled for its repressor activity. Conclusions/Significance: These studies thus open up avenues for understanding the unique features of MtBPL and the role it plays in biotin utilization in M. tuberculosis.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: © 2008 Purushothaman et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 19 Jan 2010 09:03
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:54
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/25415

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