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Metamodeling approach to predict friction factor of alluvial channel

Kumar, Bimlesh and Rao, Achanta Ramakrishna (2010) Metamodeling approach to predict friction factor of alluvial channel. In: Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 70 (1). pp. 144-150.

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Abstract

The flow resistance of an alluvial channel flow is not only affected by the Reynolds number and the roughness conditions but also the Froude number. Froude number is the most basic parameter in the case of the alluvial channel, thus effect of Froude number on resistance to flow should be considered in the formulation of the friction factor, which is not in the case of present available resistance equations. At present, no generally acceptable quantitative description of the effects of the Froude number on hydraulic resistance has been developed. Metamodeling technique, which is particularly useful in modeling a complex processes or where knowledge of the physics is limited, is presented as a tool complimentary to modeling friction factor in alluvial channels. Present work uses, a radial basis metamodel, which is a type of neural network modeling, to find the effect of Froude number on the flow resistance. Based on the experimental data taken from different sources, it has been found that the predicting capability of the present model is on acceptable level. Present work also tries in formulating an empirical equation for resistance in alluvial channel comprising all the three majorm, parameters, namely, roughness parameter, Froude number and Reynolds number. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Alluvial channel; Friction factor; Froude number; Resistance equation; Reynolds number; Roughness coefficient
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2010 08:49
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:55
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/25839

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