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A Kalman filter based strategy for linear structural system identification based on multiple static and dynamic test data

Tipireddy, R and Nasrellah, HA and Manohar, CS (2009) A Kalman filter based strategy for linear structural system identification based on multiple static and dynamic test data. In: Probabilistic Engineering Mechanics, 24 (1). pp. 60-74.

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Abstract

The problem of identification of stiffness, mass and damping properties of linear structural systems, based on multiple sets of measurement data originating from static and dynamic tests is considered. A strategy, within the framework of Kalman filter based dynamic state estimation, is proposed to tackle this problem. The static tests consists of measurement of response of the structure to slowly moving loads, and to static loads whose magnitude are varied incrementally; the dynamic tests involve measurement of a few elements of the frequency response function (FRF) matrix. These measurements are taken to be contaminated by additive Gaussian noise. An artificial independent variable τ, that simultaneously parameterizes the point of application of the moving load, the magnitude of the incrementally varied static load and the driving frequency in the FRFs, is introduced. The state vector is taken to consist of system parameters to be identified. The fact that these parameters are independent of the variable τ is taken to constitute the set of ‘process’ equations. The measurement equations are derived based on the mechanics of the problem and, quantities, such as displacements and/or strains, are taken to be measured. A recursive algorithm that employs a linearization strategy based on Neumann’s expansion of structural static and dynamic stiffness matrices, and, which provides posterior estimates of the mean and covariance of the unknown system parameters, is developed. The satisfactory performance of the proposed approach is illustrated by considering the problem of the identification of the dynamic properties of an inhomogeneous beam and the axial rigidities of members of a truss structure.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: System identification; Dynamic state estimation; Kalman filter
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2010 07:08
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:55
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/id/eprint/25856

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